Proponents of genetic engineering say that there are many uses of genetic engineering in medicine. Ever since scientists discovered how to clone and engineer genes, they have given a lot of promises for medical applications. However, there are certain controversial and ethical issues that accompany the use of genetic engineering in the field of medicine (and in fact, everywhere else genetic engineering is used).
There are different uses of genetic engineering in treating human ailments; one of them being, the treatment of genetic disorders. There are around 3,000 known medical disorders that happen because of errors in DNA like: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, sickle-cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, Huntington's chorea, cystic fibrosis, and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. They can be cured by the correct change or insertion of a single nitrogen base in a DNA molecule.
There are many uses indeed. However, concerns with each application of genetic engineering have also cropped up. GMO controversies on the use of transgenic biotechnology – or the transfer of one particularly useful gene from one species to another – have also raised ethical concerns. There are worries that the health risks of transgenics have not been totally eliminated.
What Are They Keeping From The GMO History Books?
Also there are worries that the complete GMO history isn’t readily available to the general public. On one hand, the benefits and promises of genetically engineered organisms have been published, advertised and flaunted for decades. However, the disadvantages and misfires of this generally new technology have not been as publicly shown.
Because of this, there is an unbalanced dissemination of information, both positive and negative, about the effects of genetically modified organisms. And those who are against the use of GMOs are saying that those responsible for this “information blackout” are the big biotech companies, which have the most to gain from the use of GMOs.
For example, while there are many who believe that the use of GE alfalfa is going to be detrimental to the animals that will graze on the genetically modified feed, the United States government have deregulated the planting of the said GM plant. And many American consumers aren’t too concerned about this at all, and that can be traced to the proper news and information not reaching the general public.
That’s why there are still many companies who benefit from the use of genetic engineering not only in medicine but in agriculture as well. And as long as the proper information doesn’t reach the public, there will be no real stand against genetic engineering.
GMO Ethics and Human Health
GMO Ethics, this is a real concern for many people. Nature has provided man with everything that he needs to successfully survive, and now, with technology’s help, man is able to change not only his traits and genes, but also that of other organisms as well. How will the dangers be measured and prevented? Will there be a control on who will be able to use the technology? However, with human health on the line, these concerns have been set aside. Until when will this happen? And in the end, what will be the effect of this?